Chiropractic therapy is principally bases itself on spinal adjustment; however, that is only one part of chiropractic therapy which uses a range of different kinds of therapy to address general health issues or problems of the musculoskeletal system.
Hundreds of different kinds of chiropractic therapy have been developed by individual practitioners over the years and which are based on individual requirements and personal attributes.
Most of these have been listed in this Web MD article about the main Chiropractic applications, however even that is not an exhaustive list. Broadly speaking, some of the main chiropractic therapies are:
Spinal Manipulation is the most commonly used chiropractic therapy, which involves spinal or chiropractic manipulation.
This involves taking some of the joints of the body past the normal physiological of movements, but stopping short of the anatomical boundary of that motion.
This not only helps to improve the range of motion of the person, as well as several medical conditions. This can offer relief from musculoskeletal pain, improved recovery from back pain, and increase in range of motion.
Manipulation under anesthesia is a chiropractic therapy used not only by chiropractors but also by mainstream therapists such as orthopedic surgeons to help improve articular and soft tissue movement using several different mobilization techniques.
This form of chiropractic therapy is also used to break up scar tissue around a joint and improve range of movement and flexibility. It is often used when post operative flexibility is seen to be inadequate.
Soft Tissue Therapy – Like other practitioners such as massage therapists, physical and manual therapists, and doctors of naturopathy, chiropractors also use soft tissue therapy which is the management of soft tissue injury and any dysfunction of the muscles and skeletal system.
Disorders such as cumulative strain disorder, repetitive strain injury, can be treated using this chiropractic therapy.
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a technique used in chiropractic therapy that uses electrical currents to activate nerves that have been negatively impacted by spinal or head injuries, stroke, paralysis, foot drop injury etc.
It is used mainly to restore movement to those who have had their functions impaired by disabilities. Electrical stimulation of a muscle deprived of nervous control is performed so that muscle contraction and thereby movement is restored.
Bio-Energetic Synchronization is a chiropractic therapy that tries to free and mobilize blocked energy in the nerve channels by application of light pressure.
The blockages occur when there are imbalances within the body and these imbalances are attempted to be freed or brought into balance.
Cox Flexion Distraction is geared towards lowering back pain by concentrating upon compressed discs to stretch the spine gently using certain adjustments of decompression.
This practice helps to restore the range of motion to the affected part and also helps to improve nerve function and reduce inflammation by increasing the number of metabolites.
The Sacro-Occipital Technique (SOT) is geared towards the tail bone as well as the based on the skull. This procedure is thought to address a number of problems such as ear infections, joints disorders, recurrent headaches as well as vertigo.